The subconscious of the valley’s inhabitants was deeply struck when in 1800 Napoleon Bonaparte passed with his army of 35,000 through the Great St. Bernard Hill. To this date, the traditional costumes of the inhabitants of Saint-Rhémy-en-Bosses are inspired by Napoleonic uniforms. The carnival procession is always opened by a reveller dressed as the French emperor on his white horse. He is followed by the Guide who, with the Carnival banner and the trumpet, directs the others: the Devil with the fork and mantle, the elegant Demoiselles, accompanied by the colourful Arlequins, and finally the Mascres, who represent the seasons with their colours. They all follow the spectators of the procession with a horsehair “whip”, symbolizing the wind that drives away the spirits and encourages the arrival of the warm season. There are also the Toque and the Tocca, who represent an elderly couple from a legend of this valley, as well as the Bears and the Tamers, the Doctor and the Parish Priest. The Saint-Rhémy-en-Bosses carnival parade takes place on the last Sunday of Carnival and on Shrove Tuesday.