The ancient seventeenth-century equestrian joust that made the city of Foligno famous is divided into two phases. The first is held in June and is called the Giostra della Sfida, while the second is in September, named the Giostra della Rivincita.
Legend has it that around 1158, a tournament was organized in the city in honour of Emperor Federico I, and that it was won by a nobleman from Foligno. It was only in 1613 that the priests added the Quintana as part of the carnival festivities. Today it is one of the most important historical events in Italy, attracting thousands of people from around the world every year.
The city comes to life on the days of the Quintana, becoming a theatre of tournaments, duels and costume parades, evoking atmospheres of the past. The scenario is completed by the taverns set up in true knightly style, selling loose wine and catering to the fans as they wait for the two final challenges, in which ten riders representing the town districts try to complete the three rounds of the field in the shortest possible time, grabbing the ring from the statue of the god Mars.